In-line Parenthetical Citation for MLA


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What does this mean?

If the author’s name is included in the sentence that contains his exact words (within quotation marks) the only information given at the end of the sentence within parentheses will be the page number where his quote can be found.

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If the quote is included in your sentence, but the author’s name is not given in the sentence, put it within parentheses at the end of the sentence. Do not separate the author’s name and the page number with a comma. Do not put a period at the end of the sentence– put it after the parentheses. Look at the example below.

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Be sure to include the precise document that you drew the quote from on your Works Cited page.

Here is a good example of an MLA paper.

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Today’s Assignment:

1. Write a short paper on the topic of your choice using at least two sources.

2. Use the MLA style format.

3. Include direct quotes.

4. Use parenthetical citations.

5. Include a Works Cited page.

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Library Adventures

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Escape from Mr. Lemoncello’s Library is more than a rib-tickling novel full of humor and suspense. It’s a game in itself, in which readers can have fun solving clues and answering riddles while learning how to navigate the Dewey Decimal system. Eagle-eyed kids—not to mention their parents, teachers, and librarians—can also hunt for the names of authors and classic books sprinkled throughout the fast-moving story.

Today’s Assignment:

1. Visit a library.

2. Read this or another great book.



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“A warning about mnemonics, they should make learning easier not harder . . .

When mnemonics are used correctly, they can streamline the learning process . . .

An advantage of mnemonics is that they can be applied to a multitude of content information . . . So, for whatever you want to teach, there is probably a mnemonic for it.

A mnemonic for appropriate behavior during class lecture is SLANT:

  1. S= Sit up
  2. L= Lean forward
  3. A= Ask Questions
  4. N= Nod your head
  5. T= Track the teacher

Each letter of SLANT is a cue for a specific action that would be appropriate for the student to take in a classroom. Moreover, the word “slant” indicates the position of the body in the classroom, where the student is slanting forward and showing interest in what is going on.”



Today’s Assignment:

1. Create a helpful mnemonic.

2. Consider having your students create a mnemonic poster.

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(example above from pinterest)

Stop and Smell the Roses

It is important to set your creative writing aside from time to time.

All work and no play, makes Jack (or Jill) a dull boy (or girl).

In other words, stop and smell the roses.

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Today’s Assignment: Do something fun. You may want to check out Paul Cranford’s fiddle sheet music archive or watch Natalie and Buddy Mac Master perform.

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Get the CD here:

Know Your Ending

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Syd Field

(photo credit: The Story Department)

The great Syd Field writes:

“So– what’s the best way to open your screenplay?


That’s the first thing you have to know: What is the ending of your story? Not the specific shot, scene, or sequence of how the script actually ends, but the resolution. Resolution means solution; how is the story resolved? What is the solution? Does your character live or die? Get married or divorced? Win the race or not? Return safely to Cold Mountain or not? Get away with the robbery or not? Go back home or not? Find the criminals and bring them to justice or not?

What is the resolution of your screenplay?

A lot of people don’t believe that you need an ending before you start writing. I hear argument after argument, discussion after discussion, debate after debate. “My character,” people say, “will determine the ending.” Or, “My ending grows out of my story.” Or, “I’ll know my ending when I get to it.”

Sorry– but it doesn’t work that way. At least not in screenwriting. You can do that maybe in a novel, or play, but not in a screenplay. Why? Because you have only about 110 pages or so to tell your story. That’s not a lot of pages to be able to tell your story the way you want to tell it.

The ending is the first thing you must know before you begin writing.


It’s obvious, when you think about it. Your story always moves forward– it follows a path, a direction, a line of progression from beginning to end. Direction is defined as a line of development, the path along which something lies.”

(Syd Field in Screenplay: The Foundations of Screenwriting, A Step-by-Step Guide from Concept to Finished Script, 90).

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Today’s Assignment:

1. Know your ending.

2. Throw it down on paper as a rough draft.